Tuesday, September 21, 2010

Rare, footage...Japanese Surrender Ceremony!

This is one of the rarest footage of the Japanese Surrender Ceremony on board the USS Missouri presided by Supreme Allied Commander, Gen Douglas MacArthur. Date: 2 Sept 1945.
Many of us were not even born yet.
This special historic footage has been recently released to the public domain.
It is slightly over 8 minutes and comes with official martial music and carries the FULL
speeches made by MacArthur at the beginning of the ceremony and at the end.
It's truly spectacular....very clear, very precise, most poignant reminder of how World War 2
officially ended with the signing by all those listed below in my appendix.
Gen MacArthur ended the proceedings with these words..." officially ending WW2 and may
GOD continue to preserve this peace. "

Unk Dicko's dearest hope and prayer is that, as a blogger, he will not need to write a post in the future that begins with, " The unthinkable has happened; WW3 has just .........! "
( Can you guess why I did not fill in the missing word/s ? )

( PS: Remember to turn off my automatic Jukebox music before you play )

[Gen Douglas MacArthur presiding over the Surrender Ceremony. Photo: Wikipedia ]

[ The signing of the Surrender Document by Japan's representatives. Photo: Wikipedia]

When a single Atomic Bomb was dropped over Hiroshima and Nagasaki in early August 1945 resulting in the 1st nuclear destruction of the two heavily-populated Japanese cities, it led to the eventual capitulation of Japan. It wasn't until 2nd September 1945 that the formal SURRENDER took place in a historic Ceremony on board the USS Missouri at the Bay of Tokyo.

The Full Text of the Surrender Document

We, acting by command of and on behalf of the Emperor of Japan, the Japanese Government and the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters, hereby accept the provisions in the declaration issued by the heads of the Governments of the United States, China, and Great Britain 26 July 1945 at Potsdam, and subsequently to by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which four powers are hereafter referred to as the Allied Powers.

We hereby proclaim the unconditional surrender to the Allied Powers of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters and of all Japanese Armed Forces and all Armed Forces under Japanese control wherever situated.

We hereby command all Japanese forces wherever situated and the Japanese people to cease hostilities forthwith, to preserve and save from damage all ships, aircraft, and military and civil property, and to comply with all requirements which may be imposed by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers or by agencies of the Japanese Government at his direction.

We hereby command the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters to issue at once orders to the commanders of all Japanese forces and all forces under Japanese control wherever situated to surrender unconditionally themselves and all forces under their control.

We hereby command all civil, military, and naval officials to obey and enforce all proclamations, orders, and directives deemed by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers to be proper to effectuate this surrender and issued by him or under his authority; and we direct all such officials to remain at their posts and to continue to perform their non-combatant duties unless specifically relieved by him or under his authority.

We hereby undertake for the Emperor, the Japanese Government, and their successors to carry out the provisions of the Potsdam Declaration in good faith, and to issue whatever orders and take whatever action may be required by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers or by any other designated representative of the Allied Powers for the purpose of giving effect to that declaration.

We hereby command the Japanese Imperial Government and the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters at once to liberate all Allied Prisoners of War and civilian internees now under Japanese control and to provide for their protection, care, maintenance, and immediate transportation to places as directed.

The authority of the Emperor and the Japanese Government to rule the State shall be subject to the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, who will take such steps as he deems proper to effectuate these terms of surrender.

Signed at TOKYO BAY, JAPAN at 09.04 on the SECOND day of SEPTEMBER, 1945
Mamoru ShigemitsuBy Command and in behalf of the Emperor of Japan and the Japanese Government
Yoshijirō UmezuBy Command and in behalf of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters
Accepted at TOKYO BAY, JAPAN at 0908 on the SECOND day of SEPTEMBER, 1945, for the United States, Republic of China, United Kingdom and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and in the interests of the other United Nations at war with Japan.
Douglas MacArthurSupreme Commander for the Allied Powers
C.W. NimitzUnited States Representative
Hsu Yung-Ch'angRepublic of China Representative
Bruce FraserUnited Kingdom Representative
Kuzma DerevyankoUnion of Soviet Socialist Republics Representative
Thomas BlameyCommonwealth of Australia Representative
L. Moore CosgraveDominion of Canada Representative
Jacques LeclercProvisional Government of the French Republic Representative
C.E.L. HelfrichKingdom of the Netherlands Representative
Leonard M. IsittDominion of New Zealand Representative


stanley said...

Thanks for sharing that rare footage of the Japanese Surrender Ceremony. It was poignant watching it.
Had the Americans not dropped the atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in early August 1945, would Japan have surrendered? I wonder.

unk Dicko said...

Without dropping those 2 bombs Japan would have continued the war. The Americans and their allies had already planned the invasion of Japan prior to dropping the bombs.
Such an invasion would have cost many more millions of lives lost on both sides.

WK said...

I noticed from the video that the second pen that Gen MacArthur used in signing the Surrender Documents was presented to Gen Percival.
(Gen Percival was the British commander who surrendered Singapore to the Japanese in Feb 1942.)

Incidentally, (1) the British surrender of Singapore in 1942 and (2) the subsequent Japanese surrender in September 1945 to the British commander Lord Mountbatten, are shown on Singapore stamps.
tan wee kiat

Andy Young* said...

Now the tables are turned. China is showing all its claws and teeth with the current fracas.

Will the world ever change?

unk Dicko said...

Poor Gen Percival was made the 'scapegoat' for the most humiliating disaster in British Military history...surrendering Singapore and his more superior force to Gen Yamashita.
In later years and in more recent times, many historians felt that it was the military planners at HQrs in London that were more responsible for this dark and shameful chapter.
For example, the planes in S'pore & Malaya were the old-fashioned "Buffaloes". As the name implies... it performed exactly like
"lembus" against the Japs advanced "Zero fighters".
So too the tanks and other outdated arms and weapons.
Percival was largely disparaged when he returned to England. He was never knighted unlike most other of similar ranks.
Thanks Wee Kiat for updating us about the stamps' connections to the 2 surrenders.

unk Dicko said...

Andy...WW2 may have ended 65 years ago in 1945. But tensions and wars on a smaller scale have never stopped all this time.
Big or sometimes not so big countries like to indulge in " wayang-kulit" aka "shadow play". Most times, it is exactly this ( Posturing ).
Problem is we don't really know when IT IS NOT!
In China's present stance...I think I know, but will not state it here lest Japan reacts wrongly.

oceanskies79 said...

Thank you for sharing this part of history.

unk Dicko said...

Thanks for dropping by Oceanskies79.
Will have lots more to share on our history.